Carbon dating bones of Lamoka Indians

From the "National Geographic" magazine, Dec. 2000 issue, is the fact that former archaeology digs were contaminated. Carbon dating can only be made with organic matter, not anything made of stone (arrow heads) or clay (pottery). Moments of contamination by water, forest fires. windblown dust, etc. made former carbon dating inaccurate. The only source that is not polluted and accurate is the marrow in human bones. It's 100% accurate. The earliest human bones found to date is in the State of Washington and carbon dated at 18,000 years ago (same time as the glacier). In New York State the earliest bones are from the Lamokas, at 3000 years ago.

Lamoka Indian archeological evidence

From archeological digs, both official and amateur, facts have come to us about the Lamoka Indians who once lived between Lamoka and Waneta Lakes in the Town of Tyrone, Schuyler County. Artifacts have been dated as far back as to 3,500 B.C. But its historical marker identifies it as the oldest prehistoric village found in New York State and states that it is believed to have been an active village 1,000 years ago. Some of its artifacts are at colleges from whence came manual labor for the digs in the form of students both in the United States and Canada plus in several museums. A few, from a collection originally given to the Rochester (N.Y.) Museum of Science and History, are displayed at the Schuyler County Historical Society Museum in Montour Falls.

Dr. William A. Ritchie, an acknowledged expert archeologist in the field, was in charge of the earliest explorations of the site of approximately three acres. Under his direction, workers found post remnants in a configuration which suggested rectangular dwellings ranging in length from 14 to 16 feet and seven to 13 feet wide with compact dirt floors. Items unearthed during Ritchie's tenure include a number of skeletons, 4,000 segments of bones, many implements and over 9,000 pottery shards and stone relics. Among the latter were projectile points, items used in hunting and fishing including stone fish hooks and weights used on nets, weaving tools, choppers and items needed for felling trees.

The main food scraps indicated deer, fish, acorns, turkey and passenger pigeons. Women cooked in basin-shaped hearths with stone slab covers. The location of the Lamoka Village lent itself to horse and foot travel or by canoe over the regions many streams and led the way to the Susquehanna system.

Today, the site comes under the purview of the Archeological Conservancy, a non-profit cultural resource preservation dedicated to protecting our nation's archeological heritage

Source:Watkins Glen Chamber of Commerce



Copyright 2011 Town of Tyrone N.Y.